Moscow Kremlin Russia about 1892

Moscow Kremlin Russia about 1892

THE KREMLIN, MOSCOW — The Holy City of Russia lies in the form of two circles, one within the other. Both are surrounded by walls of fortification, and both represent successive periods of Moscow’s growth. The inner circle, or core, of the Czar’s capital is the far-famed Kremlin of Moscow. It is a citadel, or fortified enclosure, containing the Imperial Palace, the Treasury, the Arsenal and many of the most revered and ancient temples in the Empire. Their lofty spires and gilded domes produce a wonderful effect, enhanced by the vivid colors of their roofs, cupolas and walls, which form a glittering expanse of red, white, green, gold and silver. Originally this Kremlin, like the Acropolis of Athens, was surrounded by stout walls of oak, and in the centre of this strong enclosure lived the Czar, surrounded by his relatives and nobles. More than 500 years ago, however, the wooden walls gave place to stone ones, in order that the Tartars might be more successfully resisted. Again and again, under successive shocks of war, have those old ramparts been injured and rebuilt; but in form they have always remained substantially the same. You can hardly imagine anything more picturesque and suggestive of past conflicts with barbarians than this grand, massive and formerly impregnable circuit of the Kremlin, with parapets sixty feet in height, all loop-holed for the discharge of weapons at the advancing foe, and with its watch-towers rising thus at frequent intervals. (from John L. Stoddard, Glimpses of the world; a portfolio of photographs of the marvelous works of God and man – 1892)

 



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