BUNKER HILL MONUMENT, NEAR BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS — The suburb of Boston, known as Charlestown, is made conspicuous in history as well as in the landscape by a tall granite shaft, which, plain, severe and substantial as the Puritans themselves, looks down upon the surrounding country. It stands upon the summit of the little hill, where on the night of the 16th of June, 1775, a small redoubt was erected by the American patriots to resist the British. The real name of this eminence was Breed’s Hill, but Bunker Hill seems to have been the general term for the locality, and that title has been ever since associated with the battle which took place here on the 17th of June. On the fiftieth anniversary of this conflict, in 1825, the Marquis of La Fayette laid with his own hands the corner-stone of this granite monument, which is thirty feet square at its base and 221 feet high. A spiral flight of 295 steps leads to the summit, whence a magnificent view is obtained of Boston, its harbor and its suburbs. This shaft was dedicated on the 17th of June, 1843, in the presence of President Tyler and all the members of his Cabinet. It was on that occasion that the great orator of Massachusetts, Daniel Webster, pronounced the dedicatory oration, which is usually considered the most eloquent and impressive speech that he ever delivered. In a house near the monument is a statue of General Warren, who was killed here in the battle. This circumstance recalls to all the well-known story of the proud citizen of Boston who was explaining this locality to a country visitor. “This is the spot,” he said, “where Warren fell.” Looking up at the monument and measuring its height, the countryman replied, “Gracious! no wonder that it killed him.”  (from John L. Stoddard, Glimpses of the world; a portfolio of photographs of the marvelous works of God and man – 1892)


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