A Street Scene in Naples about 1905
Naples is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan. In 2015, around 975,260 people lived within the city’s administrative limits. The Metropolitan City had a population of 3,115,320. It is the 9th-most populous urban area in the European Union with a population of between 3 million and 3.7 million. About 4.4 million people live in the metropolitan area, the second in Italy after Milan and one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea.
It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the area in the second millennium BC. A larger colony – initially known as Parthenope, developed on the Island of Megaride around the ninth century BC, at the end of the Greek Dark Ages. The city was refounded by Cumaeans as Neápolis in the sixth century BC and became a linchpin of Magna Graecia, playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society and eventually becoming a cultural centre of the Roman Republic. It remained influential after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital of the Duchy of Naples (661–1139) and of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, in union with Sicily, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. (from Wikipedia)